Selecting The Right Type Of Composting Worm

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The following information is to assist you in making an educated decision when selecting compost worms based on your own needs.

Red Wrigglers-- Fantastic If Main Object Is Vermicomposting.

Red wrigglers also known as red wigglers are the best compost worm when it comes to assisting in the breakdown of food scraps. Realistically they are very prolific and are easy to raise in a bin since they will basically take to their new environment right from the start, whereas your nightcrawlers usually try to wander more until they settle in.

The red wiggler prefers temperatures of 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit and is the smallest of the compost worms. Red wigglers will eat vegetable scraps, shredded newspaper and cardboard, turning them into what is referred to as Black Gold or worm castings.

African Nightcrawlers -- Splendid Worm If Main Intention Is Mutually Composting and Fishing.

These are a choice worm with a dual purpose. Not only do they have a ferocious appetite, but grow to lengths of 6-8 inches reacing as large as 12 inches. They reproduce very rapidly under the correct conditions however take approximately eight months to reach 7-8 inches in length.

African nightcrawlers worm castings are different looking as well as feeling than other red worms. The castings are darker yet lighter and fluffier. There is no difference in the worm castings when it comes to microorganism's growth or PH levels.

African nightcrawlers prefer a warmer temperature than other composting worms in the range of 75 to 85 degrees. They will eat your basic vegetable and fruit scraps, turning them into "Black Gold" or worm castings. They do appreciate shredded newspaper more than other worms, eating through it like a machine.

European Nightcrawlers- Excellent for Those Whose Sole Reason Is Fishing.

This is one of the favorites of fishermen. They also do a good job composting your scraps; however, they are not as good as the red wiggler or African nightcrawlers.

These nightcrawlers grow to approximately 3 - 4 inches in overall length, survive in cooler water temperatures and also survive in brackish waters..

European nightcrawler worms will do well when raised in a temperature range of 65 to 75 degrees. They will eat basic vegetable scraps however to fatten for fishing it is best to supplement some Purina Worm Chow.

Alabama Jumpers-- Fantastic for Fishing, Yard and Garden Composting.

Alabama Jumpers can be raised in bins however the right conditions need to be met in order for them to be prolific in captivity, however do extremely well in clay and sandy soils in compost piles outside due to their tough outer skin. This enables them to burrow through hard packed clay without a problem.

They eat vegetable scraps as well as shredded newspaper and cardboard. Alabama jumpers live up to its name by wiggling so quickly and violently it will actually leap out of your hand. With this type of action, think about what it will do when placed in front of a fish.

When composting outside, your Alabama Jumpers will spread out throughout your yard or garden area over time as they reproduce in numbers, coming to the surface to feed and leaving the worm castings behind. They will not harm plants or their roots however will aerate the soil.

Alabama Jumper worms are known to live as far north as Chattanooga, TN, burrowing down in the colder weather to avoid freezing.

Hopefully this information helps you in choosing the right compost worm based on your individual needs!

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Author: Bruce Galle
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