Fertilizers For Your Garden.

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Over the years a huge mythology has grown up around the magic of fertilizers. The top gardeners of the pre-war estates had their own secret potions. Today there is feeds which are claimed to be ideal for everything in your garden.

The truth is much less thrilling. All nutrient-providing ingredients have to be reduced to the exact same simple compounds before the roots are able to absorb them. This means that the nutrients in a liquid fertilizer containing organic salts are often immediately there for the plant roots, on the other hand the plant foods locked up in a coarsely-ground organic mix may need to wait months before release.

There is no good or bad here, the desired speed of release and the ideal balance of nutrients will depend on the soil type, the season as well as the plant. No single fertilizer is the perfect one in all situations.

Every agriculture expert agrees that nitrogen, phosphates and potash has to be added to your soil. The fertilizers that provide these nutrients are described as either 'organic' or 'inorganic'. Most powers that be agree that both kinds do important but rather different jobs.

Organic Fertilizers:
These materials are of animal or vegetable origin. Most of them provide nitrogen, and this organic nitrogen must be transformed into a simple inorganic form before it can be absorbed by the roots. This breakdown is performed by soil bacteria. It is important not to forget that these organisms are not usually active in cold, acid or waterlogged soils, so the speed of action depends on your soil condition.

Inorganic Fertilizers:
Some of the fertilizers are minerals extracted from the earth - Chilean Nitrate is every bit as natural as Bone Meal. Others are manufactured and have absolutely earned the titles of 'synthetic' or 'artificial' fertilizers. Plants are unable to tell the difference between plant foods from synthetic or natural sources - breakdown to the same nutrients occurs before any uptake by the plant.

Inorganics are generally quick-acting, providing plants with a supercharge when used as a top dressing. They tend to be cheaper than organics and have become considerably more popular than the old-time favourites. Only one organic fertilizer, Bone Meal, has kept its place amongst the very best-selling plant foods.

Solid fertilizers:
Garden shops exhibit a wide array of solid fertilizers, powders or granules which are sprinkled on the soil by hand or applied through a fertilizer distributor. Powders are dustier to use than granules but are generally quicker acting. Sticks of concentrated fertilizer for insertion in the soil are also obtainable.

Liquid fertilizers:
Liquid feeding means applying fertilizer diluted with water around the plants. In the beginning it began with soaking bags of manure in a barrel of water, bottles of concentrated liquid fertilizer then became accepted and in recent years soluble powders have taken pride of place. All are applied through a watering can or hose-end diluter.

Straight fertilizers:
A straight fertilizer is based on an individual active ingredient. It nearly always contains only one major plant nutrient, although a few (e.g Bone Meal) contain a tiny amount of another one.

Compound fertilizers:
A compound fertilizer is based on a mixture of active components. It nearly always consists of all three major plant nutrients, although a few contain only nitrogen and phosphates.

Foliar fertilizers:
Several foliar feeds are solid, either as leaf-feeding fertilizers or mixed with pesticides as multipurpose products. When sprayed onto leaves the nutrients enter the sap-stream within in a couple of hours, even where root action is restricted by poor soil conditions. A useful technique especially for Roses and sick plants. For optimum effect make sure that sufficient leaf growth is present and spray in the evening when rain is not forecast.

Steady release fertilizers:
Many popular compound fertilizers contain both quick and easy slow-releasing sources of nutrients, so feeding goes on for some time. A true steady-release fertilizer, however, is a complex chemical which provides a prolonged supply of nutrients as it breaks down in the soil or as the outer coating dissolves. One of the best known example is Urea-formaldehyde.

Gardening Articles: http://organicgardenarticles.com/

Author: Kane Ashley
A lot of my time is spent in my garden. I have been looking for help on how to develop an ideal pond habitat for the fish which I will stock it with without much luck. To obtain the assistance I will need I have decided to use a company called Gardener London. So far they have given me all the help and advice that I have asked for, as and when I ask them for it.

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